Are Multivitamins Effective in Treating Heart Diseases?

Multivitamins Effective Treating Heart Diseases

Should you keep on popping that multivitamin pill that you’ve been taking on a regular basis for a long time now in order to keep your heart functioning healthily? General physicians, cardiologists, nutritionists, dieticians, and every other medical professional or establishment having a stake in the healthcare sector are divided in their opinions regarding the heart-health benefits of ingesting multivitamins. Regardless of what you’ve hitherto believed, there is no concrete or overwhelming evidence to suggest that the intake of vitamins can keep your heart in good humor and allay the risk of your suffering from a heart attack.

Multivitamins Effective Treating Heart Diseases

  • On the contrary, findings of recent scientific trials and researches increasingly point towards the undermining or detrimental effects of consuming certain vitamins, for instance vitamins C and E.
  • Trials and studies conducted previously concluded that the aforementioned vitamins were beneficial for your wellbeing and at the same time alleviated the risks of your getting inflicted with heart disease.
  • Nevertheless, researches carried out of late with larger sample size(s) have established that habitually taking pills or tablets vitamins C and/or E didn’t always result in the improvement of your health or mitigated your chances of contracting heart disease.

The American Heart Association, popularly known as AHA refrains from advising heart patients to imbibe capsules or medications fortified with vitamins C or A. Now, there’s also strong evidence to prove that even vitamin D is not conducive for the blood filtration and circulation organ of the human body. A study conducted not very long ago linked heart disease with low vitamin D level in the blood. However, this finding has not been corroborated by other similar studies or trials conducted in the past. Therefore more in-depth studies with larger sample sizes need to be carried out to confirm the above finding.

Scientists and medical specialists in Britain have advised Britons against the ingestion of supplements reinforced with beta-carotene or vitamin A to thwart the possibility of getting inconvenienced with a heart attack or becoming indisposed owing to heart disease. The healthcare experts and medical scientists have presided over numerous trials which have substantially hinted towards incremental or gradual furthering of possibilities of your getting laid down with a cardiovascular issue if you took multivitamins containing vitamin A and/or beta-carotene. Many multivitamin capsules and supplements are laden with the above mentioned vitamins.

Dr. Marc Penn who steered one such study recommended that all vitamin supplements infused with these agents should be avoided as the trial found evidence that regular consumption of the same contributed towards a significant proportion of mortality caused due to cardiovascular disease(s). A well-known medical journal-Lancet-that was vetted by a majority of medical professionals-published the above report. It reported that UK citizens spent nearly £ 175 million on different kinds of pills and supplements throughout the year. Of all the vitamin supplements that Britons took, the ones containing beta carotene, vitamin C and vitamin A were the most extensively imbibed. Numerically speaking, almost 10 million Britons popped capsules and tablets imbued with the above nutritional agents.

Multivitamins Effective Treating Heart Diseases

Earlier studies had inferred that these vitamins which had a robust base of antioxidants had a constructive role to play in the prevention of heart disease. Antioxidant content of such vitamins thwarted or protracted the process of ‘atherosclerosis’ that causes hardening of the arterial walls and subsequent constriction of the passage through which blood circulates. Atherosclerosis in its acute form can severely restrict arterial blood flow in the kidneys, arms, legs, pelvis, brain, and the heart that can cause peripheral artery disease, coronary heart disease, chronic kidney disease, carotid artery disease, and angina.

These diseases are collectively termed as cardiovascular disease(s) and anyone suffering from any of the above health issues is always vulnerable to facing a heart attack or stroke that may eventually lead to the individual’s death. However, Cleveland Clinic Foundation situated in US conducted a large-scale trial entailing 15 distinct stages that witnessed the involvement of 2, 00, 000 patients, that could not substantiate the atherosclerotic thwarting capacity of beta-carotene. On the contrary the study nailed evidence that beta-carotene in fact increased the incidence of deaths resulting from overall health issues and cardiovascular issues by 0.4% and 0.3% respectively.

  • The study also recommended that vitamin E did not at least have any beneficial influence in patients suffering from coronary heart disease.
  • On the other hand, taking supplements containing beta-carotene actually caused more harm than good. Researchers and scientists involved in the study advised heart disease patients to discontinue using vitamin E supplements.
  • Only a few weeks before Food Standards Agency had made similar claims and had also discouraged people from continuing with supplements whose chief ingredients included iron, calcium, and vitamin C. The alarming findings of these studies have not gone down well with the masses, especially the manufacturers (of such supplements) who feel that these campaigns can bring down the sales of their products.

Many professionals both from the medical and production sectors felt that the dosages of beta carotene offered to patients participating in the studies were noticeably higher compared to the proportions found in supplements.

The Takeaway

Antioxidants that are naturally found in minerals, vitamins, and other nutrients check the growth and proliferation of free radicals that are responsible for causing several diseases. Antioxidants as the terminology suggests prevents the oxidization of LDL (bad cholesterol) that builds up as plaques on arterial walls causing the medical condition known as ‘atherosclerosis’ that eventually leads to congestive heart failure. Investigations continue to be carried out to review the role of antioxidants-rich vitamins in causing heart diseases owing to the alleged robust correlation between antioxidants and LDL cholesterol.

Though there is a lot of controversy and confusion with regards to the positive effects of imbibing supplements for keeping one’s heart healthy, this conflicting assertion doesn’t justify that one should avoid foods rich in antioxidants altogether. Vitamins are found to contain many other nutrients (that cannot be synthesized for infusing in supplements) that are good for the blood vessels and the heart.